Glossary

Stances

Japanese Pronunciation English
Dachi da-chee Stance
Zenkutsu dachi zen-ku-tsu da-chee Front stance
Kokutsu dachi ko-ku-tsu da-chee Back stance
Kiba dachi kee-ba da-chee Horse Stance
Fudo dachi foo-do da-chee Immovable stance

Areas of the body

Japanese Pronunciation English
Jodan jo-dan Upper level
Chudan choo-dan Middle level
Gedan gae-dan Lower level

Punches and hand techniques

Japanese Pronunciation English
Zuki zu-kee Punch
Choku zuki cho-ku-zu-kee Straight punch
Oi zuki oee zu-kee Stepping punch
Gyaku zuki gya-ku zu-kee Reverse punch
Ura zuki oo-ra zu-kee Close punch
Kizami zuki kee-zamy zu-kee Front hand punch
Morote zuki mo-ro-tay zu-kee Double hand punch
Tate zuki ta-tay zu-kee Vertical fist

Kicks and leg techniques

Japanese Pronunciation English
Geri ge-ree Kick
Mae geri my ge-ree Front kick
Yoko geri kekomi yo-ko ge-ree ke-ko-mee Side thrust kick
Yoko geri keage yo-ko ge-ree kay-a-gee Side snap kick
Mawashi geri ma-wa-she ge-ree Round house kick
Ushiro geri u-she-ro ge-ree Back kick
Tobi geri toh-bee ge-ree Jumping kick
Ren geri ren ge-ree Combination kicking
Ashi Barai ah-she bah-rye Foot sweep

Blocking

Japanese Pronunciation English
Uke oo-kay Block
Age uke ah-gae oo-kay Rising block
Soto uke soh-toe oo-kay Outside block
Uchi ude uke oo-chee oo-day oo-kay Inside block
Gedan barai gae-dan bah-rye Downward / Sweeping block
Shuto uke shoo-toh oo-kay Knife hand block

Striking points

Japanese Pronunciation English
Shuto shoo-toh Knife hand
Empi em-pee Elbow
Tetsui tet-tsue-ee Hammer fist
Nukite noo-key-teh finger strike
Kakato kah-kah-toe Heel
Sokuto soh-koo-toe Knife edge of foot
Koshi ko-she Ball of foot
Hittsui hit-tsue-ee Knee strike

Karate form

Japanese Pronunciation English
Kihon kee-hohn Basic movements
Kata ka-tah Basic form
Kumite koo-me-teh Sparring

Sparring forms

Japanese Pronunciation English
Gohon kumite goh-hohn koo-mee-teh Five Attack Sparring
Sambon kumite sahn-bohn koo-mee-teh Three Attack Sparring
Ippon kumite eep-pone koo-mee-teh One Attack Sparring
Jiyu Ippon Kumite jee-yoo eep-pone koo-mee-teh Semi Free Sparring
Jiyu Kumite Jee-yoo koo-me-teh Free Style Sparring

Misc.

Japanese Pronunciation English
dojo doe-joe Training hall
sensei sehn-seh-ee Instructor
rei reh-ee Bow
Osu oh-soo Dojo Greeting
Kamae kah-mah-eh Fighting posture
Waza wha-zah Technique
Hajime hah-jee-may Begin
Yoi yoh-ee Ready position
Yame yah-mah-eh At Ease